Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Cameroon [a new #birds #epizootic].
Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Cameroon.
Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).
Code: [ ]
Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Cameroon
Information received on 14/02/2017 from Dr Gaston Djonwe, Directeur des Services Vétérinaires, Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Elevage, des Pêches & des Industries Animales, Yaoundé, Cameroon
- Report type Immediate notification
- Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
- Date of confirmation of the event 19/01/2017
- Report date 14/02/2017
- Date submitted to OIE 15/02/2017
- Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
- Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
- Serotype H5N8
- Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
- This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
- New outbreaks
- Summary of outbreaks
- Total outbreaks: 1
- Outbreak Location - EXTREME-NORD ( Makilingaye, Tokombéré, Mayo-Sava )
- Total animals affected: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
- Birds - 24 - 0 - 0 - 24 - 0
- Indian Peafowl:Phasianidae (Pavo cristatus) - 107 - 103 - 103 - 4 - 0
- Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
- Birds - 0.00% - 0.00% - 100.00%
- Indian Peafowl:Phasianidae (Pavo cristatus) - 96.26% - 96.26% - 100.00% - 100.00%
- * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
- Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
- Introduction of new live animals
- Illegal movement of animals
- Epidemiological comments
- Within the framework of the epidemiological surveillance of avian influenza in Cameroon, Veterinary services from the Extreme North region notified an important mortality of peacocks in an exotic poultry farm located in the Makilingaye township, Tokombéré district, Mayo-Sava department, close to the border with Nigeria.
- Samples were taken and analyzed by the National veterinary laboratory (LAVANET) of Garoua.
- H5 serotype was confirmed on January 16th, 2017 and H5N8 on January 19th, 2017.
- Provisional measures were taken according to Law 006 of 16 April 2001 on animal health standards applying to livestock diseases legally considered as contagious and notifiable and according to the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code.
- Three-kilometers protection zones and ten-kilometers surveillance zones were established and the appropriate control measures were implemented accordingly.
- The samples we re sent to an international reference laboratory.
- According to the Director General’s letter from December 26th, 2016, any case of highly pathogenic avian influenza in birds other than poultry, including wild birds, detected from January 1st, 2017, is notified to the OIE through WAHIS under the new disease name: Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds).
Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Cameroon.